**LECTURES – 2009 European School of HEP – Germany**

Martin BENEKE: Effective Field Theories with Applications

Glen COWAN: Statistical Techniques for HEP Data Analysis

Yuval GROSSMAN: Flavour Physics and CP Violation

Wolfgang HOLLIK: Field Theory and the Standard Model

Manfred LINDNER: Neutrino Physics

Joseph LYKKEN: Beyond the Standard Model

Keith OLIVE: Cosmology for Particle Physicists

Gavin SALAM: QCD

Masahiro TESHIMA: High-Energy Cosmic and Gamma Rays

Gennady ZINOVJEV: Heavy Ions

Martin BENEKE: **Effective Field Theories with Applications
**1) What are effective field theories? Renormalizable vs.

non-renormaliable quantum field theories. Top-down vs.

bottom-up approaches and their uses for the strong interaction and in the SM.

2) Applications:

a) Integrating out a heavy particle

b) Loop effects, weak interaction or beyond the standard model

**Reading list:
**There is currently no textbook devoted to the concepts of effective field theories, though it is extensively used in books on the weak interaction and heavy quark physics [e.g. Georgi, Manohar/Wise, Mannel].

Basic field theory knowledge [for instance, equivalent to Peskin/Schroeder's Chapters 6, 10, 12] is helpful.

Good lecture notes on effective field theory available on the archive are:

[1] I.Z. Rothstein, TASI lectures on effective field theories, hep-ph/0308266

[2] A.V. Manohar, Effective field theories, hep-ph/9606222

Glen COWAN:** Statistical Techniques for HEP Data Analysis**

**Lecture 1**: Introduction to Bayesian statistical methods

Frequentist and Bayesian approaches to statistics

Parameter estimation (frequentist and Bayesian)

Markov Chain Monte Carlo for Bayesian computation

**Lecture 2**: Introduction to multivariate methods

Event selection viewed as a statistical test

Examples of multivariate classifiers: linear, neural network, boosted decision trees, support vector machines

**Reading list:
**G. Cowan, Data analysis: Frequently Bayesian. Physics Today, Vol. 60, No. 4. (2007), pp. 82-3.

http://ptonline.aip.org/journals/doc/PHTOAD-ft/vol_60/iss_4/82_1.shtml

http://www.pp.rhul.ac.uk/~cowan/stat/GDCPhysicsToday.pdf

Chapters 31-32 (Probability, Statistics) of the 2008 Review of Particle Physics, C. Amsler et al., Physics Letters B667, 1 (2008).

http://pdg.lbl.gov/2008/reviews/rpp2008-rev-probability.pdf

http://pdg.lbl.gov/2008/reviews/rpp2008-rev-statistics.pdf

J. Friedman, Recent Advances in Predictive (Machine) Learning, Proceedings of PHYSTAT2003, SLAC, 2003.

http://www.slac.stanford.edu/econf/C030908/papers/WEAT003.pdf

Also very useful is the TMVA Users Guide, especially Chapter 6: A. Hoecker et al., arXiv physics/0703039 (2008).

http://arxiv.org/pdf/physics/0703039

Yuval GROSSMAN: **Flavour Physics and CP Violation
**Lecture 1: The Standard Model picture of flavour

1. How to built models

2. The SM

3. Flavour in the SM

Lecture 2: Probing flavour

1. Theory: meson mixing and decays

2. Experimentally: Kaons, Charm and Beauty

3. The current status of flavour

Lecture 3: Flavour beyond the SM

1. The SM flavour puzzle

2. The new physics flavour puzzle

3. The future of flavour

**Reading list:
**1. A. Ceccucci, Z. Ligeti and Y. Sakai: ``The CKM quark-mixing matrix'', on pages 138-145 of the Review of Particle Physics, J. Phys. G 33, 1 (2006)

2. Y. Nir: ``Flavour physics'', arXiv:0708.1872.

Wolfgang HOLLIK: **Quantum Field Theory and the Standard Model
**1. Elements of Quantum Field Theory

2. Cross sections and decay rates

3. Gauge theories

4. Higgs mechanism

5. Electroweak interaction and Standard Model

6. Phenomenology of W and Z bosons

7. Higgs bosons

**Reading list:**

F. Halzen, A.D. Martin:

C. Quigg:

M. Maggiore:

Manfred LINDNER: **Neutrino Physics
**The lecture will contain:

- an overview of the current knowledge of neutrino properties

- the physics potential of on-going and planned experiments

- theoretical interpretations of neutrino masses and mixings

- neutrinos as probes (in geo-physics, nuclear physics, solar physics, astrophysics and cosmology)

**Reading list:
**Online:

M.C. Gonzalez-Garcia and Y. Nir, Neutrino Masses and Mixing: Evidence and Implications, published in Rev.Mod.Phys.75:345-402,2003, e-Print Archive: hep-ph/0202058

Books:

G. Altarelli and K. Winter, eds., Neutrino mass, Springer 2004.

K. Zuber, Neutrino Physics, IOP 2004.

M. Fukugita, and T. Yanagida, Physics of neutrinos and applications to astrophysics, Springer, 2003.

C. Giunti and C.W: Kim, Fundamentals of neutrino physics and astrophysics, Oxford University Press, 2007

Joseph LYKKEN: **Beyond the Standard Model
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**Reading List:
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Keith OLIVE: **Cosmology for Particle Physicists
**Introduction and Construction of the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe.

The Early Thermal Universe

The Cosmic Microwave Background

Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

Dark Matter

Baryogenesis

Inflation

**Reading list:
**Chapter 15 of Weinberg's Gravitation and Cosmology

Borner's The Early Universe

Gavin SALAM: **QCD
**1) QCD, colour and soft radiation

2) Processes with incoming hadrons, DGLAP equations

3) Predictive methods for pp colliders

4) Final-state observables

1. R.K.Ellis, W.J. Stirling and B.R.Webber: "QCD and Collider Physics", ISBN 0521 581893, Cambridge University Press http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0521545897/002-3714793-2208859 (see also http://www.hep.phy.cam.ac.uk/theory/webber/QCDbook.html)

2. The Handbook of Perturbative QCD, the CTEQ Collaboration (http://www.phys.psu.edu/~cteq/ )

Masahiro TESHIMA: **High-Energy Cosmic and Gamma Rays
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**Reading list:
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Gennady ZINOVJEV: **Quark Gluon Plasma and Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions
**Lecture 1.

What is a quark-gluon plasma? Why relativistic heavy ions?

Lecture 2.

Theoretical and experimental prospects of exploring quark-gluon plasma.

**Reading list:
**

Cheuk-Yin WONG "Introduction to High-Energy Heavy-Ion Collisions", World Scientific, Singapore, 1994

J. LETESSIER and J. RAFELSKI "Hadrons and Quark-Gluon Plasma", Cambridge University Press, 2002

J.W. Harris and B. Mueller, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 46 (1996) 71.

B. Mueller and J. Nagle, Results from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Colliders, arXiv:nucl-th/0602029.

M. Gyulassi and L. McLerran, New Forms of QCD Matter Discovered at RHIC, Nucl. Phys. A750 (2005) 30; arXiv:nucl-th/0405013.

M. Tannenbaum, Recent Results in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions: from "a New State of Matter" to "the Perfect Liquid", arXiv:nucl-ex/06033003.

E. Shuryak, Physics of Strongly Coupled Quark-Gluon Plasma, arXiv:hep-ph/0807.3033